Rhetorical Analysis Essay

1. President Barack Obama’s speech to Cairo University June 09-excerpts
2. Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln/John F. Kennedy inaugural speech excerpts
3. A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift (Satire)
4. Mark Anthony's funeral oration from the Shakespeare play Julius Caesar (Fiction)
5. Brutus's funeral oration from the Shakespeare play Julius Caesar (Fiction)

Instructions.
· Choose one selection from the above list of rhetorical texts
· Read it again, this time highlighting words, phrases, sentences that are especially rhetorically effective (persuasive, convincing, emotional and/or logical). Determine whether the piece relies primarily on logos, pathos, or ethos, or a combination of these rhetorical devices.
· Include at least three direct quotations (put them in quotation marks) in your essay that lend support to your analysis and ideas.
Organize and type a 5-paragraph essay based EXACTLY on the following model:

1. Introduction paragraph that mentions the name of the piece and the author as well as whether the writer relies mainly on LOGOS, PATHOS, ETHOS or a combination to create a persuasive argument or assertion. You should also state an overall opinion about how effective you think the writing is in terms of persuasiveness, intelligence, organization of ideas, and clarity of ideas. Write a thesis statement with three parts (diction, tone, and syntax).
*Sample introduction & thesis statement: In Jonathan Swift’s satirical masterpiece, A Modest Proposal, the reader is presented with a horrid concept using extremely effective language and logos; Swift uses strong diction, logical tone, and complex syntax to convince readers that eating children will solve all the social problems in 19th century Ireland.

2. Diction body paragraph (word choice/word connotations)-this first body paragraph should have a topic sentence about the writer's word choices as being effective and persuasive. Writer’s choose words based not only on their dictionary definition (denotation) but also on their associated meanings or connections that readers think of when they see certain words (connotations). In your body paragraph on diction, you must provide "evidence" from the piece to show or prove the effectiveness of the writer’s or speaker’s particular word choices. Diction can involve both LOGOS and PATHOS.

3. Tone body paragraph (tone=emotions and attitudes of the writer/speaker and the emotional effect on the reader/hearer)-this body paragraph should have a topic sentence about how the writer creates a certain mood, or tone, or attitude in the piece by the words he has chosen. Use as evidence words/phrases from the piece that you feel demonstrate how the writer gets a reaction out of the reader/hearer. Choose examples that are powerful and emotional. Tone is tied directly to the concept of PATHOS.

4. Syntax body paragraph(syntax=how the words are put together-this includes types of sentences, length of sentences, punctuation, parallelism, and repetition)-your last body paragraph should have a topic sentence about how the writer puts words together in a certain way to have a strong persuasive impact on the reader/hearer. Choose evidence/examples from the piece that you feel demonstrate this concept, such as where the writer uses repetition, or uses punctuation to manipulate the reader's impressions.

5. Conclusion-this paragraph reiterates or rephrases the topic and overall states how persuasive you think the writing is that you analyzed in the body paragraphs of your essay. You can state your overall opinion in the conclusion. Did the writing convince you? Emotionally affect you? Open your eyes to new or different perspectives?